Backflush Costing Definition & Meaning in Stock Market with Example


Now you may wonder why we don’t just increase the entries by a few numbers and use the conventional method of accounting instead of the Backflush method. It would get complicated to map and keep track of the cost correctly. Here, it will have to calculate the exact amount of ingredients required to make one burger. After this, it will have to issue the materials to produce 100 burgers.

What is the difference between backflush costing and traditional costing?

Backflush costing, also referred to as backflush accounting, is used to delay the costing process until the completion of the production of goods. The feature of a traditional costing system is eliminated by back flushing the costs at the end of production process and assigned to the goods.

The journal entry will be recorded once at the end of the production cycle. In the conventional costing method, the overhead and labour cost is recorded in the work in process account and then later moved to the finished goods account and lastly into the cost of goods sold. However, in the backflush costing method, all the costs related to the production are directly recorded in the cost of goods sold accounts. This process is useful for the organisations which have complex manufacturing process that involves various levels. In the normal accounting process, a journal entry has to be recorded separately for each stage of production to track the cost. For the organisations that manufacture multiple products, it will result in a ton of unnecessary journal work.

Back flush costing aims at reducing waste in the: A) accounting system. B) cost of goods sold. …

But to our surprise, a very simple formula aids us with the cost assignment process. It is expressed as the relationship between the total production and the total units of components. This entry will be recorded on the 31st of January, as the backflush accounts are closed only when the product is finished and sold. Suppose a manufacturer of a company that sells personalized and custom products wants to record a single entry for all the components they ordered until the product is finished. Whereas, under the conventional method, many heads are created for the same stock of materials like labor costs, overhead costs, transportation expenses, lodging costs, etc. Recording entries right from the arrival of the raw materials until the product is manufactured is a tedious task. On the other hand, companies that keep high inventory and have slower sales do not adopt this method.

merchandise for resale

The total number of units that the producer produces is 500 units. After the end of the production cycle, a journal entry of $5,000 will be made. The journal entry would be – Dr. Parts Expense $5,000 and Cr. For example, a manufacturer who estimates a standard cost of $5 per product and produces 1,000 units during the production cycle will make an expense journal entry of $5,000 at the end of the cycle. A way to account for the cost of inventory in a just-in-time system.


This helps reduce of production and lowers the amount of unused materials inventory in departments each month. For example, a manufacturer estimates the standardized cost to be $45 for each material.

  • After the completion of the production process, the cost of the material is deducted from the total inventory, and the finished goods are recorded in the material account.
  • Under a perpetual inventory system, acquisition of merchandise for resale is debited to a.
  • Usually, in a production process, there is a large amount of scrap.
  • At the end of a production cycle, the number of units produced will be multiplied by the standard cost to determine the expense journal entry.
  • With backflush costing, also known as backflush accounting, costs are recorded once a good has been sold or a service has been completed.

Backflush costing is used by companies who generally have short production cycles, commoditized products, and a low or constant inventory. A method of costing in which only variable production costs are treated as product costs and in which all fixed (production and non-production) costs are treated as period costs. A costing methodology that arrives at an individual product cost through the calculation of average costs for large quantities of identical products. Of production and materials are assigned to those units still retained in inventory. Under a perpetual inventory system, acquisition of merchandise for resale is debited to the _____. The cost of conversion is shared with finished goods inventory account based on the operating time of labor. The raw material is shifted to the production floor for commencing the production process.

Lithium Stocks

The What Is Backflush Costing? costs of a production run are recorded all at once, at the end of the process. Companies using backflush costing, therefore, primarily work backward, calculating the costs of products after they’re sold, finished, or shipped. To do this, businesses assign standard charges to the goods they produce. Sometimes costs differ, so companies eventually need to recognize the variances in standard costs and actual costs. A standard cost is assigned to each unit of product manufactured by the organisation, to derive the cost per unit. After the completion of the manufacturing process, the number of manufactured units is multiplied by the standard cost and expenses are ascertained for recording a journal entry.

  • In backflush costing, no costs are accounted until a product is finished.
  • Currently Karen works in a marketing capacity for MIS Consulting & Sales and MIS Solutions Canada, ULC.
  • Backflush accounting is inappropriate when production process is long and this has been attributed as a major flaw in the design of the concept.
  • Because of this, this method of accounting is popular with companies that have a complex production process.
  • Backflush costing is an easy solution to the difficulties in assigning costs to the products, but its implementation is not that simple.
  • It would get complicated to map and keep track of the cost correctly.

However, companies with slower inventory turnover often can’t use a backflush costing system, as the cost will be recorded too long after it was incurred. Such a costing method often doesn’t conform to GAAP, and therefore can’t always be used. A method of costing for continuous manufacture in which costs for an accounting compared are compared with production for the same period to determine a cost per unit produced. 1) Using LIFO perpetual inventory procedure, prepare the journal entries for the purchases and sales 2) Repeat the first part using the LIFO periodic inventory procedure, including closing entries. There will inevitably be unusual amounts of scrap or rework in a production process that are not anticipated in a bill of materials.

Backflush Costing vs. Conventional Costing

Karen Beaulieu has worked in the ERP software industry for over 15 years. Having worked in a variety of roles from product development, channel and direct sales to marketing, Karen has a unique understanding and perspective of the ERP software industry. Currently Karen works in a marketing capacity for MIS Consulting & Sales and MIS Solutions Canada, ULC. The finished goods account is debited along with the cost ascertained in the previous step. Adding on to the previous point, this method is most suitable for organizations that follow the Just-in-Time inventory management system. However, it is not necessary that this method works out for companies selling personalized and customized products.

standard costs

29/08/2022 20:20